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The era of water flow metering solutions needs you to understand the difference between AMR and AMI systems.

From the AMR technology segment, the smart water metering market is expected to cross USD 5 billion by 2032, while at present it accounts for USD 1 billion and more.

This is because of the continuous meter reading potential of AMR water meters for both consumers and water suppliers.

Plus, it instantly reduces the need for manual labor, prevents water theft, and mitigates meter tampering activities as well. 

Advanced Meter Reading (AMR) and Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) systems, both play an integral part in water consumption and resource conservation.

Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you understand the differences.

What are AMR Water Meters

AMR stands for Automatic Meter Reading. These systems are remote metering technologies used for the automatic gathering of water consumption, status, and diagnostic data.

AMR is more like having a smart meter that automatically sends your water usage information to the utility company without anyone coming over to you physically. 

Let’s understand AMR with a simple example.

Imagine there’s a water meter installed outside your house. In the case of traditional water meters, a person from the service company will visit to check water consumption and meter readings, but if you’ve AMR, there will be a special digital device that will wirelessly send your usage data to them.

Remote collection of data becomes possible with AMR systems. The type of data that your AMR gathers depends on the water consumption details and this data further helps in accurate billing as per the water usage patterns. 

Learn More:
Still Curious? Click here to find out more about Automatic Meter Reading

What are AMI Water Meters

AMI is popularly known as Advanced Metering Infrastructure. It’s like giving your water meter a smart and advanced upgrade. Or you can say, it’s like having a water meter that goes beyond just measuring the water usage or remotely gathering and sending your data to the utility company. 

For example -

If there’s a sudden increase in water consumption as detected by the AMI flow meters in your area, the central system will alert the utility about the same indicating water wastage or some potential threat like leaks or damage. 

Now, the technicians can investigate the issue promptly and locate the source of the problem by using the data gathered from the AMI system to take necessary actions against the damage.

In short, AMI helps in commuting with your utility company to detect and manage problems effectively. 

Recommended Read: All You Need To Know About Different Types Of Flow Meters

Utility Areas For AMI and AMR

AMR water meters are suited for residential and small commercial applications where basic meter reading automation is sufficient.

Such systems are well-adapted by utilities seeking to streamline their meter reading processes and improve billing accuracy without infrastructure investment.

Some of the utility areas for AMR include:

  • Residential water billing
  • Small to medium commercial applications 
  • Electricity and gas metering 
  • Remote locations

AMI water metering technology suits large-scale commercial and industrial sectors; as it offers enhanced visibility into proactive leak detection, water usage patterns, and remote meter management functionalities. Utility areas for AMI include:

  • Municipal water management
  • Large-scale commercial and industrial applications 
  • Large-scale water distribution networks 
  • Smart city initiatives 
  • Customer engagement and conservation programs

Before diving into the AMR vs AMI differences, let’s understand the application areas where AMR and AMI can be used. 




Residential water billing

Real-time monitoring for optimized resource management

Automated meter reading for accurate billing 

Small to medium commercial utility

Advanced data analytics for demand response optimization

Automated basic meter reading 

Electricity and gas metering

Real-time monitoring and control 

Automated meter reading 

Remote locations

Remote monitoring and management without extensive infrastructure

Cost-efficient solution for water consumption data gathering

Large-scale commercial and industrial utility areas

Actual monitoring, diagnostics, and control for industrial applications 


Municipal water management 

Monitoring threats like leaks, managing water distribution, and water conservation


Customer engagement and conservation programs

Educating customers with real-time insights into data, conservation tools, and engagement platforms


Smart city initiatives 

Integrating smart city infrastructure for sustainable water management 


With the clarity of applications, the difference between AMI and AMR has become clearer, hasn’t it?

Recommended Read: Innovative Solutions Through Smart Water Management

Benefits of AMR & AMI Water Meter Systems 

Highlighting the benefits of AMR and AMI water meter systems separately.

Benefits of Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)

  • AMR is known for accurate, reliable, and precise readings. 
  • AMR metering solutions also facilitate true costs through precise profiling. 
  • Moreover, you get an improved tamper detection mechanism with the safety equipment provided for enhanced security. 
  • There’s effective energy consumption management with the use of profile data graphs and advanced tool mechanisms. 
  • Plus, AMR systems also help in reducing financial burden by streamlining operational costs. 
  • With AMR technology, you can utilize the gained capacity to operate, manage, and allocate resources in situations of supply shortages. 

Benefits of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)

  • AMI empowers customers with access to real-time data usage, engagement platforms, conservation tools, motivating water conservation initiatives, and proactive management. 
  • With remote management potential and real-time data insights, AMI improves operational efficiency, infrastructure maintenance, and resource allocation. 
  • AMI smart meter systems are scalable to dynamic utility needs, infrastructure expansion, and technological advancements. 
  • With its continuous monitoring of water flow consumption patterns, AMI systems enable proactive leak detection facilities to reduce water loss and infrastructure damage. 
  • AMI also facilitates tasks like meter reprogramming, firmware updates, and service disconnections which fall under their remote management and control ability. 
  • AMI has advanced data analytics capabilities that identify anomalies, trends, and optimization opportunities. 
  • On the whole, AMI smart water metering solution enables real-time monitoring of water usage to detect leaks, identify consumption patterns, and manage resources effectively. 

Recommended Read: How Much Money & Water Can Businesses Save By Installing A Smart Water Meter?

Key Differences Between AMR & AMI

Let’s explore the major differences between AMR and AMI in a simple tabular format:


AMR (Automatic Meter Reading)

AMI (Advanced Metering Infrastructure)

Data transmission

Periodic data transmission at scheduled intervals 

Continuous real-time data transmission with timely updates


Focuses majorly on meter reading and billing

Additional functions like remote management and control are available 

Data management 

Basic data gathering and storage capacity

Advanced data analytics with real-time monitoring and control qualities

Communication protocol 

One-way communication i.e. from meters to the central system

Two-way communication between meters and central system


Lower investment and operational costs

Higher initial investment with long-term operational efficiency benefits

Customer engagement 

Limited customer interaction 

Empowers customers with real-time engagement platforms

Leak detection 

Less timely leak detection 

Proactive leak detection with real-time monitoring


Suitable for small-scale applications

Accommodates growing needs and dynamic infrastructure

How To Decide Whether To Choose AMR or AMI?

Given below are the factors to consider for AMR and AMI comparison

Future growth and scalability

AMI is known for greater flexibility and scalability as it allows the utilities to adapt to the dynamic technological advancements over time.

So, if you’re anticipating future expansion or in need of advanced functionalities, go for AMI. 

End-user expectations

Take into account all the end-user expectations before investing in any of them.

AMI systems empower consumers with real-time consumption data, engagement platforms, and conservation tools to enhance customer satisfaction because they keep customer engagement a priority. For such options, AMI is best-suited. 

Data management requirements

Have your data management requirements in mind. AMR systems focus on basic data collection and meter reading with limited processing and data storage services.

But, if you want advanced data analytics, proactive leak detection, and real-time data visualization, AMI smart metering is a better choice. 

Geographical considerations

The geographical density of the utility service area must be kept in mind before opting for AMI or AMR because AMR is suitable for smaller service areas where fewer meters and less infrastructure are sufficient.

AMI is best suited for longer service areas with real-time monitoring, extensive metering networks, and remote management capabilities. 


Before rummaging over AMR vs AMI, make sure you’ve got a budget in mind. AMR systems require lower upfront investment and are cost-effective for applications with limited resources or smaller utilities.

AMI metering solutions offer long-term benefits in terms of data insights and operational efficiency. Thus, they involve higher initial costs. 

Utility requirements

If basic readability and metering are sufficient, AMR would be suitable. However, if you want real-time monitoring with advanced data analytics and control capacities, AMI would be apt. 

After considering these factors and looking at your requirements, you can make an informed decision about which one to choose - AMI or AMR

Recommended Read: All You Need To Know About Different Types Of Flow Meters

AMR vs AMI Water Flow Meter - Which is Better?

There is no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to choosing between AMI and AMR as it completely depends on your budget, requirements, objectives, infrastructure, and objectives of the utility. 

For smaller utilities with basic metering needs and limited resources, AMR is sufficient while for the ones seeking advanced features like data analytical capability, real-time monitoring, etc., AMI will provide long-term benefits despite its higher investment. 

Make An Informed Decision With Kritsnam 

After understanding the difference between AMI and AMR, you already know which one to choose for your company as per the budget, scalability, flexibility, requirements, etc.

With AMR ushering in the new-age utility management through its valuable insights, data collection, and optimized resource distribution, it is setting the foundation for a sustainable future for all stakeholders.

Make an informed decision with Kritsnam's Dhaara Smart water meters that provide automated accurate readings while the Dhaara Live dashboard provides actionable insights for making strategic decisions. 

Dhaara Smart
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Dhaara Smart
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The Dhaara is a new-age water meter that combines the power of IoT with the latest sensor technologies. The integrated telemetry and battery-powered capabilities make it easy to manage your water consumption from anywhere and anytime (even when the power is down).
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Dhaara Digital
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Dhaara Digital has been purpose-built to address the requirements of customers seeking metering solutions falling under the exemption category of CGWA (Central Ground Water Authority) compliance and other applications where telemetry is not required.
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