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Exploring Telemetry: Transforming Data into Insights
by Team Kritsnam

The use of telemetry globally was worth USD 118.8 billion in 2022, and it's predicted to go up to USD 376.25 billion by 2030, growing at a rate of 15.5% each year from 2023 to 2030. 

But what is Telemetry? Come explore its definition, features, types, and crucial role of telemetry, especially in the efficiency of flow meters. Let's understand telemetry in detail and uncover its vast applications.

What is Telemetry?

what is telemetry

The Cambridge Dictionary’s telemetry definition states that telemetry is “the science or process of collecting information about objects that are far away and sending the information somewhere electronically.” 

Telemetry, an automated data collection method, measures and gathers information from remote locations, transmitting it to an IT system for monitoring and analysis. This real-time monitoring helps prevent downtime by identifying potential issues promptly. 

How Does Telemetry Work?

Now that we know what is Telemetry, let’s check out how it works. In a nutshell, Telemetry operates by remotely gathering real-time data through sensors on equipment or in key areas, reporting temperature, pressure, and position. The collected data is then transformed into electrical signals and transmitted wirelessly via technologies like radio waves or satellites. Decoded at the endpoint, this information helps with analysis, surveillance, and management in various sectors.

The Telemetry Process

Telemetry is defined as a remote sensory of bioelectric signals, in which measurement and transmission of data is done from one point to another. Here's a general overview of how telemetry works:

Data Acquisition

Sensors or instruments are deployed in the operational environment or on equipment to gather data pertinent to the event. Such sensors are implants that are sensed and measure different parameters in temperature, pressure, speed, or location.

Signal Conversion

The sensor captures data and transforms it into electrical signals. This usually involves analog-to-digital conversion whereby continuous analog signals are converted into discrete digital data that can be easily processed and transmitted.


The information converted into data is passed to a far-off location via communication channels. In a common scenario, telemetry systems rely on wireless technologies such as radio frequency, satellite links, or cellular networks for long-range communication. In others, wired connections may be used for short distances.


At the receiving end, the signals received are recorded and decoded. In this step, the received signals are retransformed into functional data.

Data Processing and Analysis

The data that has been decoded is then processed and analyzed to obtain useful information. This may include real-time monitoring, trend analysis, forecasting, or comparison with predefined parameters.

Decision-Making or Control

The processed data can be a basis for making decisions or sending control commands to the control system being observed. This allows remote control and automation in many different applications.

Industries such as healthcare, aerospace, environmental monitoring, and industrial automation are common users of telemetry systems that enable the collection of essential data for informed decision-making and effective operations.

Also Read: Mechanical Flow Meter: Meaning, Pros & Cons, Selection Process

Types of Telemetry

There are different kinds of Telemetry, each tailored to specific applications, industries, or monitoring requirements. One common distinction lies in the nature of the measured parameters, with telemeters designed for specific data acquisition purposes. Here are some of the key types of Telemetry:

Wireless Telemetry

It exploits wireless communication technologies such as radio frequency (RF), satellite links, or cellular networks. Wireless telemetry is flexible as real-time data transmission over long distance distances can be propagated without having a physical connection.

Aerospace Telemetry

Often considered an essential component of aviation and space research, aerospace telemetry monitors flight parameters like altitude, speed, and system health, forwarding the telemetry data for analysis.

Medical Telemetry

A medical telemetry system monitors patients remotely, transmitting real-time data on vital signs, and assisting healthcare providers in immediate action during emergencies.

Industrial Telemetry

A telemetry system enhances industrial processes by monitoring machinery conditions. Data on temperature, and pressure aids predictive maintenance, optimizing operational efficiency in manufacturing environments.

Environmental Telemetry

Used as a monitoring device to assess environmental conditions for gathering data related to weather elements, water quality, or air pollution. Environmental applications of telemetry systems assist research, conservation, and early warning systems.

Automotive Telemetry

In the automotive industry, telemetry is used for vehicle tracking, performance monitoring, and diagnostics. Telemetry data aids in the development of more efficient, safer, and functionally effective vehicles.

Telemeters have a wide range of uses for healthcare, remote monitoring, environmental analysis, space exploration, and manufacturing processes. Each individual type is designed to satisfy specific needs, used to support decisions, improve safety, and improve operational effectiveness. The variety of telemetry applications in defining what is telemetry and its meaning demonstrates the power by which this procedure gathers and uses data from different arenas to achieve significant improvements.

Flow Meter Telemetry Definition

A simple flow meter telemetry definition would be the integration of telemetry technology in flow measurement systems resulting in increased performance and efficiency. In smart flow meters, telemetry significantly works as it provides real-time data on fluid flow rates and related parameters. 

This smart system ensures reliable data collection without any tampering, thereby enhancing the efficiency of water management systems. This technology also facilitates continuous monitoring and transmission of flow data to central systems for processing.

How Telemetry is useful in Flow Meter?

The application of telemetry in flow meters revolutionizes fluid process management by enabling real-time data access, remote monitoring and control, improved accuracy and reliability, predictive maintenance, enhanced operational efficiency, and scalability with seamless integration.

Let's delve deeper into the specific advantages of telemetry integration in flow measurement.

Real-time Data Access

Telemetry provides immediate insights into flow rates, allowing for prompt adjustments and optimized process control.

Remote Monitoring and Control

Flow meters with telemetry can be monitored and controlled from any location with an internet connection, increasing flexibility and streamlining operations.

Improved Accuracy and Reliability

Continuous data collection and remote diagnostics minimize human error and ensure consistent data quality.

Predictive Maintenance

Telemetry data facilitates proactive maintenance by identifying potential issues before they escalate, minimizing downtime and maintenance costs.

Enhanced Operational Efficiency

Real-time data allows for optimized process control, leading to reduced waste, improved resource allocation, and overall operational efficiency.

Scalability and Integration 

Telemetry systems can be easily expanded to accommodate additional flow meters and integrate seamlessly with existing data management systems, facilitating centralized monitoring and analysis.  

Common Integrations of Telemetry with Water Flow Meters

Now, let's explore the various methods for integrating telemetry in smart flow meters, enabling remote data collection and monitoring. Each approach offers distinct advantages depending on factors like installation location, data transmission needs, and available infrastructure.

Wireless Radio Frequency (RF) Communication

Flow meters equipped with RF transmitters can transmit data wirelessly over distances, eliminating the need for physical cabling. This is ideal for remote locations or areas with difficult access.  These systems typically utilize proprietary protocols or established standards like LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network), known for its extended range and minimal power consumption.

Cellular Networks

This method leverages existing cellular networks (GSM, 3G, 4G, LTE, and potentially 5G) to transmit data directly to a central system via the internet. Cellular telemetry is particularly effective in areas with reliable cellular coverage and is well-suited for handling large data volumes, enabling detailed and continuous monitoring.

Wi-Fi and Bluetooth

In urban environments or industrial settings with prevalent Wi-Fi networks, flow meters can leverage Wi-Fi for data connection and transmission. This method offers a cost-effective and straightforward solution for installations within the range of a stable Wi-Fi network. Additionally, Bluetooth can be used for short-range communication with mobile devices or local controllers, facilitating on-site adjustments and data retrieval without direct physical interaction with the meter.

Ethernet and Fiber Optic Cables

For applications demanding robust and high-speed data transmission, such as industrial complexes or urban water treatment facilities, flow meters can be integrated into wired networks using Ethernet or fiber optic cables. This wired setup ensures reliable, high-bandwidth communication that is less susceptible to radio frequency interference or fluctuations in wireless signal strength.

Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT)

This method utilizes Narrowband IoT, a low-power wide-area network radio technology specifically designed for the Internet of Things (IoT). NB-IoT offers efficient device connectivity with extensive coverage and minimal power consumption, making it a suitable option for monitoring water flow in vast or geographically dispersed areas.

Telemetry , in various forms, ensures essential data availability across applications. The telemetry meaning simply refers to remote measurement and data transmission for analysis and control. In healthcare, telemetry tracks vital signs wirelessly, improving real-time analysis and decision-making. Similarly, aerospace telemetry monitors and transmits aircraft or spacecraft data for performance evaluation. 

Environmental telemetry signals contribute to meteorological observations and wildlife tracking. Industrial telemetry oversees manufacturing processes for efficiency. Structural health monitoring observes infrastructure conditions and detects issues. These examples highlight telemetry's versatility for effective remote monitoring in different domains.

Applications of Telemetry Data

Telemetry data, as an integral aspect of understanding what is telemetry, finds diverse applications across various sectors. Here's a closer look at its specific applications.

Municipal Water Supply

Cities and urban utilities can leverage telemetry-integrated flow meters to monitor their water supply lines. This enables them to:

  • Detect leaks: Early identification and repair of leaks minimize water loss and associated costs.
  • Monitor pressure zones: Real-time pressure data helps optimize water distribution and prevent pipe bursts.
  • Improve billing accuracy: Precise flow measurements ensure accurate water usage data for billing purposes.


Farmers can utilize telemetry-based irrigation systems for:

  • Precise irrigation: Real-time soil moisture data allows for targeted watering, optimizing water use efficiency and crop yield.
  • Sustainable groundwater extraction: Monitoring groundwater levels helps manage extraction rates and prevent depletion.
  • Water conservation: Telemetry facilitates efficient water usage, promoting sustainable agricultural practices.

Industrial Applications

Industries with significant water consumption can benefit from telemetry in several ways:

  • Real-time monitoring: Monitoring water usage across processes helps identify areas for reduction and improve overall efficiency.
  • Reduced operational costs: By optimizing water usage and minimizing leaks, industries can significantly lower operational costs.
  • Predictive maintenance: Telemetry data facilitates proactive maintenance of water systems, preventing costly downtime.

Compliance Regulations

Real-time water usage data obtained through telemetry enables businesses and industries to:

  • Demonstrate compliance: Data readily available for inspections proves adherence to water usage regulations.
  • Promote sustainability: Monitoring water consumption encourages efforts towards water conservation, aligning with environmental regulations.

Also Read: 10 Differences Between Flow Meter And Water Meter

Why choose the Kritsnam Ultrasonic Flowmeter?

So, if you are looking for an efficient telemetry-based ultrasonic water flow meter, make sure to explore the capabilities of the Kritsnam Dhaara Smart. 

Let’s explore what sets Kritsnam Dhaara Smart apart:

  • Ultrasonic Technology: The non-invasive design eliminates the need for pipe cutting, minimizing downtime, maintenance costs, and potential contamination risks during installation.
  • Broad Application: Thanks to advanced signal processing, the Dhaara Smart delivers precise measurements across various fluid types.
  • Cellular Communication: Integrated cellular connectivity ensures seamless data transmission, enabling remote monitoring and real-time insights into water usage. This allows for proactive leak detection, optimized water management, and informed decision-making.
Dhaara Smart
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Dhaara Smart
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The Dhaara is a new-age water meter that combines the power of IoT with the latest sensor technologies. The integrated telemetry and battery-powered capabilities make it easy to manage your water consumption from anywhere and anytime (even when the power is down).
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With flexibility, a wide range of flow measurement, and adaptability to various pipe sizes, Dhaara Smart enhances overall system performance. Its durability, featuring no moving parts and minimal wear, ensures extended life and cost-effectiveness, while cellular-based communication provides reliable continuous data collection at your fingertips. 

In summary, Kritsnam Dhaara Smart provides reliable, non-invasive installation, universal accuracy across fluid types, versatility, and low maintenance, making it a trustworthy instrument for precise and reliable flow measurements in diverse industrial operations.

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